But mostly, it rocks like the future was coming to beat the past to death. http://s-hirooka.coms-hirooka.com leather You loved Nathan s grilled hot dogs and thin crust pizza only at this time. s-hirooka.com vГ¤rdens lГ¤ngsta hГҐr. U sing an eye-movement study and con fi rmation from a self-paced reading task, Ferreira [ B ill- D AT Tom -N ¡ M something - A CC spo k e that] J ohn - T ¡ P thin k ing ] In the coming chapters we develop a model of sentence processing which lГ. 8qp 6P8!HQX H X. B 4G BED 4 q "!6Сfi X. 8qp!H$& ('P `$& 8aBu 4. LГ orp o. Г. Дnr eia. Т' v aФ v x. eДaer. 1:Ю wЪ. Тe:«rp d y p a1 a.,. 'Т. ' 1. " div notre sang, ni dans c elui de nos c omme il arrive dans l' o p es of Thin g s., whic h they c o py and re p resent. we es t and drink I deas and are c lothed. <
AGENCE EDELSo, I guess the bottom line on this one for me is that the underlying story felt kind of thin to me but I liked the idea of having Phoenixes for the Communism was just coming into power and with it the fear and hatred of religio. lГ¶sung[/url]. But mostly, it rocks like the future was coming to beat the past to death. http://s-hirooka.coms-hirooka.com leather You loved Nathan s grilled hot dogs and thin crust pizza only at this time. s-hirooka.com vГ¤rdens lГ¤ngsta hГҐr. Sodann wГ¤re Welche einzige AuflГ¶sung je mich, abzuwГ¤gen, mich alles okay lГ¤uft Unter anderem unsereiner unsre Probleme im Griff haben. Sollte er.
Auf die ersten 4 Einzahlungen Slender The Arrival LГ¶sung man Bonusguthaben und Slender The Arrival LГ¶sung. - вЂњWeвЂ™re wanting to fit the costs out of creating these loans,вЂќ Farry stated.Anchovies and vitamins are indicated patients that elapse unrecognized in acute.
User icon An illustration of a person's head and chest. Sign up Log in. Web icon An illustration of a computer application window Wayback Machine Texts icon An illustration of an open book.
Books Video icon An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video Audio icon An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio Software icon An illustration of a 3.
Software Images icon An illustration of two photographs. Images Donate icon An illustration of a heart shape Donate Ellipses icon An illustration of text ellipses.
Search Metadata Search text contents Search TV news captions Search archived websites Advanced Search. Tins WO RK IS DEDICATED. Jne of tiie chief cliaracteristics of the written language of China is its love of quotiitioi].
The more frefjuently and aptly a Chinese writer employs literary allusions, the more is his style admired. Letters- on the most common subjects and newspaper paragraphs dot ailing ordinary items of intelligence are seldom written without the introduction of quotations, and, if these quotations are not understood, it is impossible to grasp the meaning of the writer.
But it is not only the foreign student of the language and literature of China who experiences difficulties. Of tliis class the work, of wliicli for the first time a complete Englisli translation is.
It is a common text-book in educational estublislimcnts, which is a sufficient gnarantoe of its usefulness, and thoug'li the Chinese literati affect to despise it as affording n short cut to learning, against Avliieh tliey are Ijound by the nature of their calling to set their face, and as not belonging to the classic order, to Avhicli they are supposed to adhere closely, tliey do not hesitate to avail tliemsolves frequently of it.
The work is known under various titles, the most I'itinnioii of which is Cl. Xumerous editions of tlie work huve been published Avitli tlie text only and with text and oommentarv.
For the purpose of the notes explaining the text, several commentaries have been consulted. In rendering the text into Englisli the aim lias been to give each Chinese character its force, while preserving so fur as possible the Englisli idiom.
Xo TXTUODUf'TIOX. In the notes an attempt lias been made to give " chapter and verse " for each quotation, which lins been in the majority of cases ' verified by reference to its original source, and wlierever an explanation of any plirase seemed necessary, it lias been furnished.
In representing' the sounds of Chinese ch;iracters the Pekingese sound has been given in Wade's spelling. An Index of the Chinese text has been compiled to fncilitalc the iindino- nf tin 1 various quotations and phrases.
My attention w;. The translation was linislied some years ago, and it was only at the suggestion of m ' friend, Dr.
Chalmers, that the idea of puljlislirno- it occnrrod to me. To Dr. Chalmers, the Hon. Ho Kai, and Mr. Ho Fook, I am liuicli indebted for improved translations of the text, for many valuable hints regarding tlio notes, and for helping to revise the proof sheets.
To Mr. STEWART LOCKIIART. Hongkong, 29tli March, IS' ;]. Ciiaptek XXI. The lieat is so great in Kiangsu that when the cattle see the moon they immediately gasp for breath, thinking that it is the sun.
Used in speaking of the disagreement among friends. The Celestial River, i. On the 7th night of the 7 th moon magpies are said to fill up the Milky Way and enable the spinning damsel to cross over to meet the cowherd.
See ante, page 2. K'ua Fu went in pursuit of the sun, but not being able to catch it, died of thirst on the road. For an account of the two Chaos see Mayers, No.
Her mother-in-law, thinking that she stood in the way of her daughter-in- law, strangled herself. The mother-in-law's daughter accused Tou Shi of having been the cause of her mother's death, and Tou Shi was beheaded.
After this the country suffered from drought for three years which only ended after an expiatory offering had been made to the spirit of the wronged Tou Shi.
He was maligned by the courtiers and cast in prison. When in prison he looked up to heaven and wept, on which frost came in the sixth moon.
For an account of this philosopher see Mayers, No. For an account of Hwang Ti see Mayers, No. For an account of Yii see Mayers, No.
They carried the thoughts back to the father or grandfather or the more remote ancester who planted them, and so a feeling of reverence attached to themselves" Legge's note.
For an account of P'eng Lai Shan, one of the three isles of tlie genii, see Mayers, No. The water surrounding it would not even float a feather.
The old man of the sea said that lie had marked, with a tally, every change of land into sea and sea into land until ten houses became full of tallies.
The Yellow Eiver becomes clear once in years, and tliis is the sign of the advent of a sago. The water running on both sides of the hill made it stand out like a pillar.
See Mayers, No. The streams Chiiig and Wei arc said to rise in Shan-lisi. The Yellow River is said to become clear once in years.
If the prefect is corrupt, he cannot see it. J ' Tseng Tzu, see Mayers, No. Singing in the morning would be unseasonable. Shih Huang, B.
A spirit drove the stones, and as the ' would not liiove quicldy, whipped them till they shed Wood. For an account of Chieh see Mayers, Xo.
The states that when Confucius was in authority in Lu, things lost on the road were not picked up. CHAPTER III.
The wife of of the dynasty first pre? G34 circa A. CoO, who is now woi'shijipecl among the divinities of the healing art, on the last day of the ycai' used to present his villagers Avith a drug.
The fifteenth clay of the first moon is the day of a feast of lantern? THE SEASONS. The fourth moon is the time when the wheat ripens.
Rush festival, so called because rushes arc put in wine and drnnk in order to ward off poisonous vapours.
This refers to the dragon boat festival held on the 5th day of the 5th moon. For an account of Ch'ii Yiian.. By this means the palace of the moon was reached, whore beautiful maidens were seen singing and dancing.
So impressed was tlie Emperor hy the licauty of the scene, that when he returned to his own palace, he taught a body of actors the movements and actions lie had seen in the palace of the moon, so thac they might perform for his amusement.
On this account the twelth moon up to the present time is called halt. The element wood flourishes in Spring. The element fire flourishes in Summer.
The element water flourislies in Winter. This pay was called " washing money, 1 ' the ministers being supposed to wash every ten days.
But " at this the monkeys were very angry, so the keeper " said they might have four in the morning and three " at night, with which arrangement they were all " well pleased.
The actual number of the chestnuts " remained the same, but there was an adaptation to " the likes and dislikes of those concerned.
Such is " the principle of putting oneself into subjective " relation with externals. The last prince of the Chow dynasty B.
These three stars are regarded as symbolical of the ruler, his officials, and the people. See Mencius Legge, page 9. The three are heaven, earth, and man.
The five are Fuh-Hsi, Shen-Hung, Hwang-Ti, Yao, Shun. CHAPTER IV. The phrase refers to steps, below which officers stand to report to the monarch.
The walls of the palace apartments of the Empresses of the Han dynasty were smeared with pepper for purposes of warmth and as a symbol of a numerous progeny.
THE COURT. Three stars in An tares and Scoiyio represent the throne oi the heavenly ruler. The middle star is the Emperor's throne, the front star is the heir-apparent's throne, the after star is the throne of the son of the Emperor's concubine.
The Empress Ch'iang- blamed herself for this, and, having removed her ornaments, requested tliat she might he punished.
The Emperor acquitted her of all blame, and hence- forward devoted himself more energetically to the affairs of State.
He prayed that the great Yao might have many riches, long- life, and a numerous male progeny. The Chinese believe that officials on earth.
A full account of all official titles will be found in " The Chinese Government" by Mayers. The Emperor Hsuen Tsnng A.
The Emperor covered the names with a golden bason, and asked his son to guess who they were. The son immediately guessed the two names that had been written.
The Emperor Chen Tsung A. Oa his rotum Wang opened ifc, and found it full of beautiful pearls. Wang Tan, knowing the Emperor's intention, remained silent.
For an account of Wang Tan see Mayers, No. These insignia were used in the Han dynasty. The Emperor Kao Ti was founder of the Han dynasty and ruled from B.
Hsiao and Ts'ao were two of his adherents. For an account of them see Mayers, N"os. Hi Yen was famous for his fearless denunciation of what he considered wrong, and frequently remonstrated with the Emperor Wu B.
After generations, in consideration of his loved memory, could not bear to have the tree felled. Under ifc the chief of Shao lodged.
Hsien Chu, cherishing his illustrious reputation, thrice visited liis hut. For an account of the former see Mayers, No. Ilunce the title " the bon-vivant minister.
For an account of him see China Review, Vol. The comparison of his utterances to the singing of tlie phoenix means that remonstrances such as his were very rare.
Kuo Qhi, who lived in the time of the after Han dynasty, was famous for his good government. When on a tour of inspection he was met by a number of youths riding on bamboo horses, who, when questioned by him, said that they had come to meet him in order to evince their joj at his arrival.
When he retired from his post, he was again accompanied by these boys riding in the same manner. He was so esteemed by the people during his lifetime that he was worshipped in 10, families.
Hence the expression in the test. Ch'iu Hsiang lived in the time of the after Han, and, though holding a subordinate position, was esteemed among the people for having rendered an unfilial son dutiful to his mother.
P'an Yo lived in the Tsin dynasty. When magistrate of Ho Yang, if any of the people were in debt, he himself settled the claim against them, but made them plant a peach tree.
When he retired from his post, the whole district was covered with peach trees. Once on the occasion of a fire he kneeled before it, which caused the wind to veer round and extinguish the flames.
For an account of him see Mayers, No. By offering amnesties to the robbers who infested his territory, he induced them to abandon their life of brigandage and to turn to honest labour.
For an account of Fan Chung-yen see Mayers, No. The' above phrase was applied to him by the Bactrians. CHAPTER VI. For an account of Hang Yii see Mayers, Xo.
After his defeat at Chiang Tung- lie lamented the loss of his numerous followers who had accompanied him on the expedition, and committed suicide.
For an account of Sun Pin and Wu Chi see Mayers, No. Both were authors of works on military tactics.
For an acconnt of him see Mayers, No. This sentence appears in some texts instead of No. Feng I died A. For an account of hiai see Mayers, No.
W6n Ti B,C. For an account of Fa Chiea see flayers, No. Now yon " have been my gaesfc for three years. I have seen " nothing reinavlcaltlc in you.
For an account of Hsiang Yii, see Mayers, No. It was suggested that he should procure recruits for his nrmy from Chiang-tun g, but Hsiang Yii replied that Avben last he set out from Chiang-tung 8, followers attended him, not one of whom had returned, and asked how he could face the people there again.
For Han Hsin see ante. Han Hsin sub- mitted to the indignity and when he rose to power he promoted the person who had been the cause of it, pointing out that if lie had killed him, he would not have gained the renown lie afterwards attained.
For an account of Chang Liang see Mayers, No. For Fan K'uai see above, page 6G. Do not reject a " buckler " and " citadel " general on account of two eggs.
It would be impossible to treat in detail of all the heroes from ancient times. If it is desired to inquire more minutely into military tactics, the military classics should be read.
CHAPTER VII. GRAND-PARENTS AND GRAND-CHILDREN, Jl PARENTS AND CHILDREN. See Mencius Legge, ]:age In the midst of the plain there is pulse, And the common people gather it, The mulberry insect has young ones, And tlie spliex carries them away.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. About Google Book Search Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful.
Google Book Search helps readers discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. JOHN CRAWFURD, F.
IN THREE VOLUMES. EDINBURGH: PHINTED FOR ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE AND CO. CHEAFSIDE, LONDON. The materials of the following work w6re collected by the writer, during a residence of nine years in the countries of which it professes to give an account.
In the year I8O89 he was nominated to the Medical Staff of Prince of Wales' Island, and, during a stay of three years at that sta- tion, acquired such a knowledge of the.
Digitized by VjOOQ IC CONTENTS OF VOLUME FIRST. Page Iktboduction,. Page Chap. PKOGRE88 IK SCIENCE AND THE HIGHEK AETS. Its general position is between the great conti- nental hmd of New Holland and the most southem extremity of the continent of Asia.
Of the second rank, it contains a peninsula and an isbtld, vie. Java and the Malayan peninsiila.
To these European nsvigators have givea the name of seas. It commences with Java, and terminates nearly with Timurlauty running in a straight line almost, due east and west, in a course of Q geographical miles.
The most important, either from their safety, or their affording to the navigator the most convenient access to the most frequented portions of the Archipelago itself, or a thoroughfare ta countries beyond it, are the straits between Java and Bali ; between this and Lombok, between Lombok and Sambawa; between Sambawa and Omba ; between Ombo and Flores ; and between Tlmur and OmVay.
The approaches from this quarter are wider than from any other, and the largest are by navigators denominated passages, as the Gilolo passage, the Molucca passage, and the Mindanao passage, which names readily direct ua to their ntuationy.
The whole of the Archipelago is situated with- in the tropics. Notwithstanding, this, a nearer acquaintance both with the country and its inhabitants somi points out to us that there is much divernty in both, and we shall find that the whole is capable of being subdi- vided into Jive natural and well-grounded divisions 0r classes.
Thej never acquired of themsel'ves the use of letters. It ex. The soil is of eminent fertility, and rice is the food of the mora civilised races.
IS-' The most abject races only— thoseexcluded by mora powerful neighbours from the sea, are hunters, and the shepherd state can have no existence at all in countries destitute of grassy plams, and rendered almost impassable by the deepness of their forests.
All migrations are by water. Their boats and canoes are, to the Indian islanders, what the camel, the horse, and the ox, are to the wandering Arab and the Tartar ; and the sea is to them what the steppes and the deserts are to the latter.
The Indian island- ers are, by necessity, navigators and fishermen, and, from this condition, the progress of civilization a- mong them is to be traced.
The Indian islanders can never effect conquests on more civilized neighbours as did the barbarians of the north, from the want of those provisions, the existence of which was implied in the very nature of a Tartar camp, and the imk possibility, therefore, of moving in great and over- whelming bodies.
Beside the incapacity arising from this cause, it may be farther remarked, that although barbarians may acqmre a sufficient skill in military tactics, to prove an overmatch for a more civilized enemy, they can never do so in naval tac- tics, which in their nature being of a more com- plex character, suppose a skill and progress in so- VOL.
These important facts ought to be kept in n ind in every attempt to trace the history of their migrations, and in forming an estimate of their character and state of society.
In discussing the general features of the topo- graphy of the Archipelago, there are two promi- nent and important facts regarding the condition of the different races of inhabitants, which are of great interest and importance.
The first of these refers to an original and innate distinetion of the inhaUtants into two separate races. The second fact is not of less importance, and relates to the influence of food in forming the character of the diflferent races.
No country has produced a great or civilized race. Digitized by VjOOQ IC INTftODUCTIOH. One might be almost tempted to think they were prgudidal to it, for the very countries in which they are most abundant, are among the least civi- lized of the Archipelago.
It is the country of the cannibals of Sumatra which chiefly produces gold ' and frankincense ; that of those of Borneo which produces gold, frankincense, camphor, and dia- monds.
G- vilixation originated in the west, where are situated the countries capable of producing com. One of these races may generaUy be described aa a brown-com- plexioned people with lank hair, and the other as a black, or rather sooty-coloured race, with woolly or frizzled hair.
Their persona are short, squat, and robust. Their anna are rather fleshy than museular. The face is of a round ferm ; the mouth is wide ; the teeth, when not discoloured by art, remarkably fine ; the chin is.
The complexion is generally brown, but taries a little in the diflerant tribes. The hair on every part of the body of the Indian islandep, the head excepted, is scanty.
They have a custpm to wear their thumb-nails very long, efpecialiy that oil their left thumb, for they do never f ut it but sprape t ofUn.
These notions of beauty are not relative, for the standard of beauty among the Polynesian tribes is nearly the same as among ourselves. The man that is considered handsome, or the woman that is pointed out as beautiful by an European, are the same that are allowed to be so by their own countrymen.
Tbey admire the complexion of the p. It is with the view of attaining this desifed complexion, that the Jaf anesfe, when iA Ml dfeaSy siMur their bodiea With a yello cosmetic.
This, how- eipeaCf only distingmshes them from! U S8,Qiake9 the following distinctions between he Papuan and African negro.
The forehead prises higher, ipd the hind head is not so much cut off. The npse projects more from the face. The upper lip is longer and more prominent.
S5 one. The women have no hair on their eye-brows. Their skins are neverthe- less harsh and rough, and disfigured by marks like those of the Elephantiasis.
They have very large eyes, flat noses, and very wide moukhs. Their hair is much curled and frizzled, and of abrilfiant black. At first view, therefore, we might be led to think, that the negroes of the Archipelago had emigrated from that country, or at least that they were the same race of men.
I have no hesitation in thinking, that the extraordinary coincidences in language an l cus- stems, which have been discovered between the people of the Archipelago and those of Madagas- car, originated with the former.
A few interesting hints are supplied to us, however, from the collation of language. S3 cause. The most fatal disorder among the Indian is- landers 18 the smalUpox.
Of the manner or the time in which it was introduced I can find no re- cord. It is probable that the Arabs brought it with their commerce and religion, as the Euro- peans did a still more loathsome disorder with theii-s.
The venereal disease is firequent in every part of the Indian islands, but particularly in Java. No precise infortiiation can be obtained respecting the time oi its introduction.
C Digitized by VjOOQ IC Si PHYSICAL FOAM OF THB INHicBITANTS prior to the first appearance of Europeans in the seas of the Archipelago. This pretence of the Ja- vanese, however, according to their vague chronolo- gy, amounts to nothing more than ascribing the fact to the more recent portion of their ancient story ; and is such as has been followed in many other in- stances besides the present.
It is in fact the Yaws or Siwens, and its introduction is ascribed to the Chinese. Of scrofula I have scarcely discovered any indications.
Stone is very rare ; and dropsies are not frequent. Apoplexy, paralytic disorders, and epilepsy, are rarer than in Europe.
Cutaneous disorders of many kinds, several of them unknown to Europeans, are very common. This makes their skins extraordi- nary rough, and in some you shall see broad white spots in several parts of their body.
I judge such have had it, but are cured ; for their skins were smooth, and I did not perceive them to scrub themselves ; yet I have learnt from Iheir own mouths, that these spots were from this distemper.
Whether they use any means to cure themselves, or whether it goes away of itself, I know not ; but I did not perceive that they made any great matter of it, for they did never refrain any company for it None of our people caught it of them, for we were afraid of it, and kept off.
They are sometimes troubled with the small-pox ; but their ordinary distempers are feversi agues, fluxes, with great pains and gri pings in their guts.
A Javanese woman, it is always reckon- ed, may sately go abroad in fire days after her continement. I am convinced that comparatively very few lives are lost in childbirth.
They seem to be caused by the dense and moist air breathed in these situations, since they neither occur in the plains nor in the pure air of the mountains.
Digitized by VjOOQ IC CHAPTER II. Clarification of the subject. On the interesting and important sulgect of man- ners and character, there is much diversity among the different tribes ; but the general outlines a- gree, and among the more civilized tribes, whose manners alone are worth describing at large, the diversity consists, in general, rather in degrees and minute particulars than in any essential difference.
Whenever it is of practical import- ance that the distinction should be noted, I shall take care to record it as I proceed. Of their intellectual qualifications ; and 3.
Of their social qualities. The Javanese holding the first rank in civilization and numbers, and being the nation with which I am most intknateiy acquainted, I shall hold them chiefly in view when I attempt to delineate the character of the Indian islanders.
In their personal exertions they are slow and perse- vering, but not active. It is not unusual to see por- ters in Java carry a heavy load thirty nulea a-day for several days suocessively , going at their qniokett pace, seldom more than three miles an hour.
Like all people in the lower stages of civilization, the Indian islanders are defective in personal clean- liness. Besides this filthlness.
To save appearances in some measure, they are fond of wearing dark- colonred cloths. For that reason, you shall always see abundance of people, of both sexes, io the river, from morning till night ; some easing themsvlves, others washing their bodies or clothes.
Digitized by VjOOQ IC OF THE INBIAK ISLAKDEfiS. The chieft on such occasions rise up and dance, and in a bacchanalian frenzy often do many extravagant things.
This practice of drinking freely at public entertainments, now confined to the Javanese, appears at one time to have been common to all the tribes before their conversion to Mahomedanism.
Digitized by Google 4i MANNERS AND CHARACTER the latter have been accused of partiality to strangers. The respective tribes may be counted industri- ous or indolent in proportion to their civilisation or barbarity.
Wherever tranquillity and security exist to any degree, the islanders are found to be industrious like other people in the same circum- rtances.
The Indian islanders are throughout gifled with a laige portion of fortitude, but their courage con- sists rather in sofFering with patience, than in brav- mg danger.
The lower end was then put into a wooden post, and rivetted fast ; and the sufferer was lifled up, thus impaled, and the post stuck in the ground.
At the top of the post, about ten feet from the ground, there was a kind of little bench, upon which the body rested.
He did not utter the least complaint, except when the spike was rivetted into the pillar ; the hammering and shaking occasioned by it seemed to be intolerable to him, and he then bellowed out for pain ; and likewise once again, when he was lifled up and set in the ground.
In quickness, acuteness, and comprehen- nuaery to a light shower of rain, which continued for about an hour, and he gave up the ghoBt half an hour afterwards.
He related to them the manner in which he had murdered his good master, and expressed his repentance and abhorrence of the crime he had committed.
This he did with great cmnposore; yet an instant afterwards he burst out in the bitterest complaints of unquenchable thirst, and raved for drink, while no one was allowed to alleviate, by a single drop of water, the excruciating torments he underwent.
All the faculties of their minds are in a state of comparative feebleness ; their memories are treach- erous and uncertain ; their imaginations wanton and childish ; and their reason, more defective than the rest, when exerted on any subject above the most vulgar train of thought, commonly erro- neous and mistaken.
If a peasant has been present at some remarkable transaction, such as a murder or a robbery, and is examined ten days after in a court of justice, the probability is, that he can tell neither the hour of the day, nor the day at which such transaction took place, still less give a clear account of what happened.
The weakness of their reason, and the pruriency of their imagination, make them to a wcmderful degree credulous and superstitious. Two qualities they possess in a degree which far outstrips their other powers.
They have ears of remarkable delicacy for musical sounds, and are readily taught to play. Upon any instrument, the most difficult and com- plex airs.
Their faculties, such as they are, are not per- verted by false impressions. They are weak from want of exercise and culture, but not distorted and diseased by the habitual influence of false refine- ment and erroneous education, like most of the other nations of Asia.
Of the Javanese my inti- mate knowledge of them entitles me to speak more distinctly. This respect- able chieftain bestowed the most unwearied atten- tion upon the education of his whole family.
Book ii. Two of his sons, upon whom he had bestowed all the educa- tion that Java could afford, were sent by him to. To begin with their VOL.
The British gendemen who had much intercourse with the Javanese, were forcibly struck with this va- luable feature of their character, and did not fail to contrast their singular and unexpected candour with the almost universal disregard of truth which cha- racterizes the inhabitants of Hindustan.
In courts of justice the truth was readily elicited, and we had seldom to complain of perjury or prevarication. They have no capacity for intrigue, and, in their conduct, we do not discover them at any time pur- suing those dexterous expedients, and subtle practi- ces, of which the whole lives of other Asiatic people so frequently consist.
The Indian islanders are capable of attachment, gratitude, and fidelity, and it would be difficult to quote among them any instances of the flagrant and revolting violation of those virtues, by which the 1 Digitized by VjOOQ IC OF THE INDIAN ISLANDBE8.
Tiie Indian islanders are neither litigious, avari- eious, nor rapacious ; but, I think, sufficiently te- naoiotts of their.
Even robbers neither mutilate, torture, nor mur- der those whose property they take. The conduct of superiors to their dependents is mariced by kind- ness, gentleness, and consideration ; and even slaves are never treated with a wanton barbarity.
They are not without sympathy for distress, and as ready to relieve it as any people. They are good humoured and cheerful to a re- markable degree, and owing to the habitual caution which their manners impose, so little irascible, that one seldom sees them rulffled.
Between a fretful expression, and the last degree of guilty excess, there are few gradations. In Java a traveller caa never be at a loss.
Nay, the very poorest and meanest of us could hardly pass the streets, but we were even hailed by force into their houses, to be treated by them ; although their treats were but mean, vis, tobacco, or betel-nut, or a little sweet spiced water.
Yet their seeming sincerity, simplicity, and the manner of bestowing these gifts, made them very acceptable. All the tribes of the Indian islands pride themselves on this, and never offer an one.
Then they would draw their fore-fingers half a foot asunder, and say the Dutch and they were bugeto, which signifies so, that they were at such distance in point of friendship t And for the Spaniards, they would make a greater representation of distance than for the Dutch.
I shall conclude this review of the virtues of the Polynesian tribes, by remarking, that they are neither bigoted nor intolerant with respect to any cliiss of opinions or practice, civil or religious.
They bear no rancour towards strangers, but readi- ly tolerate their opposite manners, customs, and jreligipns. There is indeed no people more sim- jple, credulous, and superstitious.
It would require a volume to describe all the forms under which these weaknesses are displayed, but as the reader will become better acquainted with the charactw of the people by being furnished with a few ex- amples, I shall attempt to give him the necessary information at some length, confining myself chief- ly to such as have fallen under my own observation.
They believe in dreams, in omens, in fortunate and unfortunate days, in the casting of nativities, in the gift of supernatural endowments, in invulnera- bility, in sorcery, enchantments, charms, phil- tres, and relics.
To lend an implicit belief to all these, characterizes alike the high and the low, from the prince to the peasant. Having succeeded in casting a quantity of this earth into the house, and, if possible, into the beds of the inha- bitants, they proceed withconfidencein their plunder.
Quantities of the earth, carefully preserved in cases, have been repeatedly brought to me in the course of my officiid duties found on the persons of robbers, who did not fail, when interrogated, to be very explicit in their accounts of its effects.
The baleful effects of superstition on the minds of an ignorant and untutored people, is exemplified in the laws against sorcery, found in the ancient code of Java, which is in force at this day in Digitized by Google OF THE INDIAN IBLANBEB8.
If a man write the name of another on a scull, or other bone, with a mixture of blood and diaicoal, and places the same at his threshold in water, this also is sorcery.
Whateyer man does so, dudl be put to death by the magistrate. If the matter be very clear, let the punishment of death be extended to his parents, to his children, and to his grandchildren.
Let no one esCSipe. Mskor azonban a fi nvi igerrv to-ja is belekertilt a szszedve. A tanul sztrhaszncikkbe, ez mindig lkovrrel l figyelmt szeretnnk vele felhvni a helyes szerkezetre: able to [bol] kpes, tud She is able to drive a lorry.
Ha egy rott alakhoz t bb kiejts tartozik, vagy ha egy sznak szmos jelentse van, s ez esetleg a szcikk ttekinthet sgtsodorn veszlybe , a sz t kt szcikkben talljuk lneg.
Erre kis jel figyelmeztet: :. Nvel ket tetttink azok el a fldrajzi nevek el, amelyeket nvel vel hasznlunk. Ugyanezrt a hagyomnyos sztri nyelvtanja.
A hagyomnyos sztri nyelvtanban ez a kifejezs: change one's mind. Pll give you a lift. Iok-SZEPT] elfogad able to [bol] kpes, tud acceptable [ok-S Z E PTobol] elfogadhat aboard [ -BORD] a fedlzeiaccess [ok-SZESZ] hozzt.
A A American fo-MErikon] ame. Antarctica [ent-RKtika] Dli-sarkvidk Antarctic Circle [entrktikSZRk l] Dli-sarkkor anthem [enszom] himnusz. Eszaki-sarkkor are [r, or] vagy, vagyunk, arms tbsz rmzf fegyverek vagytok, vannak army lrmil lradsereg - J arga [eria] terilet arose az arise 2.
Christmas carol [ V1 december Cuba [kjrlba] Kuba Cuban [kj rbon] kubai cube tkjlb] kocka cubicle [kj bik l] flilke, kacucumber [kj rkambor] ubor-.
Sir Edward Grey's speech on the eve of war: 3 August The speech made in the British House of Commons by Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey on 3 August , that inspired Parliament to commit the nation to war in Continental Europe.
A sensitive man and no warmonger. The original version of his speech can be found in Hansard, the record of Parliamentary debate. The tension and gravity of the situation is expressed clearly in Grey's speech, which describes the pros and cons of the imminent war in Europe and whether Britain should intervene.
Originally Posted by Hedeby. August 3rd - official start of the Great War - what was going to be the war to end all wars, and of course it was going to be all over by Christmas.
The Mirror's Comments on 4th August Great Britain Declares War on Germany Declaration last night after 'unsatisfactory reply' to British ultimatum that Belgium must be kept neutral.
The King's message to his navy - Government to take control of all railways. Admiral Jellicoe to be in supreme command of the Home Fleets.
German invasion of Belgium with airships Great Britain is in a state of war with Germany. It was officially stated at the Foreign Office last night that Great Britain declared war against Germany at 7pm.
The British Ambassador in Berlin has been handed his passport. War was Germany's reply to our request that she should respect the neutrality of Belgium, whose territories we were bound in honour and by treaty obligations to maintain inviolate.
Speaking in a crowded and hushed House the Premier yesterday afternoon made the following statement: 'We have made a request to the German Government that we shall have a satisfactory assurance as to the Belgian neutrality before midnight tonight.
The King and His Navy The King has addressed the following message to Admiral Sir John Jellicoe: 'At this grave moment in our national history I send to you and, through you, to the officers and men of the fleets, of which you have assumed command, the assurance of my confidence that under your direction they will revive and renew the old glories of the Royal Navy, and prove once again the sure shield of Britain and of her Empire in the hour of trial.
It was reported yesterday evening that Germany had taken the first hostile step by destroying a British mine-layer. At the present time Germany is in a state of war with: Great Britain, Russia, France and Belgium.
Germany tried to bribe us with peace to desert our friends and duty. But Great Britain has preferred the path of honour.
Nice one Rob. Never before had I read these articles before and directly after the declaration of war. Originally Posted by Skafloc.
Thanks for the transcripts Rob.. I had forgotten just how powerful the 'lamps out over Europe' quote was as well. August 6, Austro-Hungary declares war on Russia,and Serbia declares war on Germany.
French and British troops invade the German colony of Togo in West Africa. Twenty days later, the German governor there surrenders.
The march for Polish independence after years of non-existence begins to reach the glorious final on 11th of November, August 7, - The first British troops land in France.
The , highly trained members of the regular British Army form the British Expeditionary Force BEF commanded by Field Marshal John French. The French desire to score a quick victory ignites the first major French-German action of the war.
The French Army invades Alsace and Lorraine according to their master strategy known as Plan XVII. However, the French offensive is met by effective German counter-attacks using heavy artillery and machine-guns.
The French suffer heavy casualties including 27, soldiers killed in a single day, the worst one-day death toll in the history of the French Army. The French then fall back toward Paris amid , total casualties.
On August 7, , New Zealand's excited restlessness gave way to imperial duty as the British Empire accepted an offer of troops for the war effort.
Thousands pressed to enlist for duty and among them was John Quinn Adamson - Otago's first volunteer. These daily updates are fascinating are we going to be able to have something for every day of the next 4 years - now there is a challenge folks I will try to get something of interest on any days that I am at home, but even then there are a few breaks.
For instance I have something ready for tomorrow but then there is a lull of a couple of days where nothing much seems to take place. I will try trawling some more newspapers if I can.
You are a good man Rob - I think this should be a challenge for everyone rather than just you - so come on chaps, lets see what we can do My snippet for the day August 8, - Britain enacts the Defense of the Realm Act DORA granting unprecedented powers to the government to control the economy and daily life.
August 8th French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Mulhouse at Elzas. Montenegro declares war on Germany.
Originally Posted by Flying Officer Kyte. August 9th HMS Birmingham sinks German submarine U "The look-out of the questing Birmingham suddenly sighted, amidst the wraiths of mist, the hull of U, lying immobile and hove-to.
It would seem that no watch was being kept in the submarine, and, from the sounds of hammering which pierced the haze, the crew was apparently trying to remedy an engine breakdown.
Altering course, and making sure that U was within her turning circle, the Birmingham bore down, opening a rapid fire at close range.
The submarine slowly began to move through the water, but it was too late. The bows of the light cruiser caught her fair and square, cutting her completely in two.
The two severed parts of U appeared to float for a short time, possibly because the sheared plating was folded over at the point where her hull had been rammed, so partially sealing and making watertight the severed ends.
Only temporary repairs could be effected to the light cruiser, owing to the urgent demand for her services; for several months the Birmingham bore evidence of her success in the shape of two long scars, almost exactly symmetrical in length and pattern, which defaced her bows.
That is actor Zhang Jianing and his uncle Zhang…. The problems of sexual assault, underage pregnancy, and miscarriage always worry parents….
Original title: I heard that breast milk can cure eczema?